Uterine fibroid also is referred to as leiomyomas or myomas is a benign muscular tumor that rarely turns into cancer found growing in the uterus. It commonly affects women of childbearing age between 30–40 years and they may show up at any age. a fibroid is different in size, shape, and location. They do not increase your risk of developing cancer
Where do fibroids grow?
The uterus has different layers and they are:
- The outer layer, or perimetrium
- The middle (and thickest) layer, or myometrium
- The inner layer that lines the uterus, or endometrium
The layer on which a fibroid is grown defines the type of fibroid one has.
4 types of fibroids
A fibroid is described by the location where it grows in relation to the uterine wall. There are only four types of fibroid and these are
- Submucosal fibroid: these are the rarest type of fibroid that grows in the submucosa, which is a thin layer of tissue in the uterus. it can protrude into the uterine cavity.
- Intramural fibroids: these are the most common fibroids grown within the uterine wall
- Subserosal fibroids are found growing on the outside wall of the uterine
- pedunculated fibroids: these are fibroids that grow on the stems which can be attached to the uterine wall and can also grow either outside the uterus or inside the uterine cavity.
Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids
It is possible to have uterine fibroid and not know it because they sometimes do not cause symptoms.
However, some women experience the following symptoms:
- Unusual or heavy bleeding
- Painful periods
- A feeling of being full or bloated in your pelvic region
- Pain in your lower back
- Pain or pressure during intercourse
- A need to urinate more frequently
- Reproductive problems and/or complications during pregnancy or labor
How to find out the type of fibroid you have
If you experience any of the symptoms of fibroid listed here, you should see your doctor get tests performed in order to receive an official diagnosis. Normally, a fibroid can be felt and diagnosed through a pelvic exam.
Tests to confirm a fibroid diagnosis include:
Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a type of x-ray that enables you to see the inside of the uterine cavity. A device, called a cannula, is placed into the opening of the cervix and filled with a liquid that contains iodine to show contrast on the x-ray scan. This type of procedure can only identify fibroids that are inside the uterus (intramural fibroids).
Transvaginal ultrasonography (TV US): this is performed using a transducer, an instrument that emits sound waves that bounce off your organs and send images of the inside of your pelvis to a monitor. it is inserted into the vagina. After this, your doctor or a technician will slowly turn the transducer while it’s inside of you to get a complete picture of your organs.
Saline infusion sonography (SIS), also referred to as sonohysterography (SHG), involves an ultrasound and sterile saline (saltwater) fluid, which work together to show the uterus and uterine lining. An ultrasound wand is placed in the vagina, followed by a catheter. The ultrasound exam continues while saline is injected through the catheter, which fills the uterus and allows the doctor to see an outline of the uterine walls and cavity. In doing so, this highlights abnormalities, such as fibroids.
What causes fibroids?
It’s not clear why fibroids develop, but several factors may contribute to their formation.
Estrogen and progesterone are the hormones produced by the ovaries. They cause the uterine lining to regenerate during each menstrual cycle and may stimulate the growth of fibroids.
Fibroids may run in the family. meaning if a member of your family once had fibroid, you may as well develop it.
pregnancy increases the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the body. this may cause fibroid to develop and grow rapidly while you are pregnant.
Read Also: 7 Things You Should Know if You have Fibroid
Who is at risk for fibroids?
Women are at greater risk for developing fibroids if they have one or more of the following risk factors:
- a family history of fibroids
- age of 30 or older
- a high body weight
Home remedies and natural treatments
Certain home remedies and natural treatments can have a positive effect on fibroids, including:
- organic fibroid crusher: it will shrink fibroid by causing your estrogen and progesterone levels to drop. Click here to get the organic fibroid crusher
- applying heat for cramps (avoid heat if you experience heavy bleeding)
- Dietary changes can help as well. Avoid meats and high-calorie foods. Instead, opt for foods high in flavonoids, green vegetables, green tea, and cold-water fish such as tuna or salmon.
- Managing your stress levels and losing weight can also benefit obese women with fibroids.
Medications to regulate your hormone levels may be prescribed to shrink fibroids.
Surgery to remove very large or multiple growths may be performed. This is known as a myomectomy. An abdominal myomectomy involves making a large incision in the abdomen to access the uterus and remove the fibroids. The surgery can also be performed laparoscopically, using a few small incisions into which surgical tools and a camera are inserted. Fibroids might grow back after surgery.
In a worse condition, where other treatments did not work, your physician may perform a hysterectomy. However, this means that you won’t be able to bear children in the future. if you still want to have children or you just want to avoid risk involve in surgery, you can click here to get the organic fibroid crusher
other minimally invasive procedures include forced ultrasound surgery (FUS), Myolysis procedures, uterine artery embolization.
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